0418 - St. Boniface I becomes Pope.
1065 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated.
1832 - John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice President of the United States to resign.
1836 - Spain recognizes independence of Mexico.
1846 - Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.
1869 - William E. Semple of Mt. Vernon, Ohio patents chewing gum.
1897 - The play Cyrano de Bergerac, by Edmond Rostand, premieres in Paris.
1928 - The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco.
1945 - The U.S. Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance.
1981 - The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.
1984 - After 28 seasons, soap opera The Edge of Night broadcasts its final show.
1991 - Sonic the Hedgehog Game Gear version is released in Japan.
2000 - U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.
Holidays and observances
Calendar of Saints - Feast of the Holy Innocents, a.k.a. Childermas, commemorating the Massacre of the Innocents on order of king Herod the Great. In Spain and Latin American countries the festival is celebrated in a manner similar to April Fool's Day. The third day of Christmas in Western Christianity.